CREATE INDEX - SQL Server for Oracle DBAs and Developers

In SQL Server, you can use CREATE INDEX statement to create a unique or non-unique, clustered or nonclustered index on a table or view.

Last Update: Microsoft SQL Server 2012 and Oracle 11g R2.

Unique Indexes in SQL Server

An unique index does not allow duplicate values:

NULL Values in Unique Index A single NULL value can be inserted
Multiple NULL values are considered duplicates

SQL Server allows you to define a unique index on nullable columns and insert a NULL value:

SQL Server:

  CREATE TABLE cities 
    name VARCHAR(90) NULL
  CREATE UNIQUE INDEX cities_name_idx ON cities(name);
  -- Insert NULL value to unique column
  # (1 row(s) affected)

But if you insert another NULL value, it is considered as duplicate:

  -- Insert another NULL value (one NULL value already exists)
  # Msg 2601, Level 14, State 1, Line 1
  # Cannot insert duplicate key row in object 'dbo.cities' with unique index 'cities_name_idx'.


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